A headache describes the symptom of pain that can occur anywhere in the head or neck. Millions of Americans suffer from headaches on a regular basis and the causes can range from stress, muscle tension, injury, even different foods or odors. In fact, there are over 17 different types of headaches classified ranging from tension headaches to the more debilitating migraine and cluster variety.
While most people who experience a headache find that they can get relief with common over-the-counter treatment (acetaminophen or ibuprofen). Others need advanced diagnosis and treatment in order to more properly evaluate and control more severe or chronic headaches.
Below are some situations to help better determine if you should seek further medical treatment for your headache:
- Any headache that is the result of a head injury/head trauma
- Any headache that follows unconsciousness
- Headaches with fever and stiff neck/neck pain
- Headache with nausea/vomiting
- Headache with changing characteristics (pain that changes, location changes)
- Sudden, severe headache with no apparent cause
Children with severe headaches or frequent headaches should also be immediately evaluated.
Home treatment can include:
- In addition to Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen
- Cold Packs
- Dark, quiet room