Heat Exhaustion/Heat Stroke
You don’t have to live in a warm climate to be concerned about heat-related illnesses. Being exposed to sun or any activity on a hot day can put even a healthy individual at risk for mild heat cramps to life-threatening heat stroke. Children, the elderly or those with existing health conditions are even more likely to have heat-related issues even when the temperature is not as extreme.
Being alert to the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion is important. Intervening and having the person STOP the activity and get to a cooler environment will prevent symptoms from worsening.
- Skin is still moist. May be cool or slightly warm to the touch. Pale or flushed.
- Dizziness, weakness, fatigue
- Skin is dry. Generally, NO perspiration. Warm to hot to the touch.
- Decreased consciousness/fainting
- Rapid pulse
- Remove patient to a cool, shaded area. If conscious and alert, provide non-alcoholic/non-caffeine drink.
- Apply cool compress to wrist, ankles, neck and armpit area
- Seek immediate medical assistance for any unconscious patient – Dial 911